Sustained Airborne Training (SAT) will consist of three phases. The three phases are highly recommended to be conducted in the order listed below. Commanders should only authorize a deviation to the training plan if training requirements or apparatus restrictions do not allow. This order of events is the logical progression of training for the airborne operation. SAT is performance-oriented training.
The Primary Jumpmaster should introduce the JM Team to all jumpers on their aircraft. During SAT, the JM performing the training needs to be heard by all jumpers. ALL JM's and leaders must make aggressive and positive on-the-spot corrections. The entire Jumpmaster Team should treat this training and ensure jumpers are treating this training as if they are inside the aircraft. Ensure jumpers are executing their actions in the aircraft down to the smallest detail. SAT instills confidence in those jumpers who you are leading for the duration of the airborne operation until they exit your aircraft.
Prior to conducting SAT, ensure the Jumpmaster Team inspects the helmets, ID tags, ID cards, and performs a technical inspection of the jumper’s combat equipment when applicable. The three phases of SAT are:
1) Actions in the Aircraft Brief (SERJT/E) and Mock Door Training
2) Pre-Jump Training
3) Parachute Landing Falls (PLF’s)
Actions Inside the Aircraft (SERJT/E) and Mock Door Training
The bullets listed below serve as the standard guideline that will be followed. You can always add information to your brief, but will never take away from the standard outlined, so long as the fundamentals never change. This brief follows the logical progression of a jumper safely exiting an aircraft (Static Line Control and Exiting Procedures) followed by all subsequent adverse actions (Red Light Procedures, Jump Refusals, Towed Jumper Procedures). During the first half of the brief, jumpers will be oriented around the mock door, receiving the brief from a well-rehearsed Jumpmaster Team. Prior to beginning the second half of the brief (Emergency Procedures), jumpers will be placed in reverse chalk order and loaded into the mock up for the brief as well as performance oriented training. If using a non-standard or foreign A/C where the specific Emergency Procedures are not known, they may be briefed by the loadmaster, but all actions involving the Jumpmaster Team must be rehearsed. The standard guideline is as follows:
A. Static Line Control
i. Hook Up
iii. Arm Position
iv. Control of Static Line
B. Exiting Procedures
i. “Stand-by” (actions of the number one jumper and safety)
ii. Movement to door/ramp
iii. Proper hand off of static line to safety
iv. Proper exit (1st Point of Performance)
C. Red Light Procedures
i. Reasons for red light
ii. Actions of the JM team
iii. Actions of the jumpers
D. Jump Refusals
i. Jumpmaster actions ( 3 x physical and verbal)
ii. Safety removes jumper and gives lawful order
iii. Jumpmaster controls jump door
iv. Positive control and transfer of Jump Refusal to DACO
E. Towed Jumper Procedures
i. Jumper Actions (conscious/ unconscious)
ii. Jumpmaster Actions/ Identification (green/ yellow)
***The following should be conducted by the JM Team WITH jumpers inside aircraft***
F. Emergency Procedures i. Ground Evacuation (1 continuous ring of the alarm bell).
G. Crash Landing / Ditching (6 short rings of the alarm bell).
H. Activation of reserve inside Aircraft
1. Doors Closed
2. Doors Open (Fore)
3. Doors Open (Aft)
I. Fire in Flight.
J. Bailout ( 3 short rings of the alarm bell followed by 1 long continuous ring, or an oral warning) STAND-UP, HOOK-UP GO.
K. Mock Door Training-The Jumpmaster Team may exit the jumpers from the mock doors as many times as they feel necessary, however, they are required to perform at least two exits, with the last exit being conducted as planned for the airborne operation at the Airborne Commanders discretion.
*** ALL TOPICS MUST BE COVERED. THE TRAINING MUST BE TAILORED TO THE AIRCRAFT THAT IS BEING UTILIZED. TRAINING MUST TAKE PLACE NO LATER THAN 24 HOURS PRIOR TO TAKE OFF. IF TRAINING IS SCHEDULED AND CONDUCTED OVER 24 HOURS BEFORE TAKE OFF, UP TO 48 HOURS, AN O-6 MUST GIVE APPROVAL***
o Prior to Pre-Jump Training, place the jumpers into a formation that allows the Jumpmaster to easily control them and make on the spot corrections. The extended rectangular formation and the horseshoe formation are the two preferred formations.
o Although Pre-Jump Training can be given by anyone on the Jumpmaster Team, the Primary Jumpmaster can delegate authority but not responsibility. o Holding, running, one riser slips, and other information can be inserted into Pre-Jump Training as the Airborne Commander sees fit. Discussing the use of slip assist loops, slip assist tabs, or control lines are recommended when covering the fourth point of performance.
o Pre-Jump Training is tailored to fit the mission, however emergency landings will always be covered due to the many variables involved with emergency situations; i.e. if jumpers have to conduct an emergency bailout over unfamiliar terrain or water.
o Pre-Jump Training is performance-oriented training and the Jumpmaster Team must ensure that the jumpers are performing the actions as they are being covered. During Pre-Jump Training, use the “HIT IT” exercise as often as needed to keep the jumpers actively involved. Jumpmasters will refer to their unit ASOPs for additional guidance.
o When jumping the MC-6 series parachute from rotary wing aircraft, jumpers will extend their count from a 4000 count to a 6000 count. o Due to the drift characteristics of the parachute system, the T-11 should not be jumped from a rotary winged aircraft; however, if a justified, mature risk assessment is approved, the jumper would count to 8000. The minimum drop altitude would be IAW TC 21.220, Chapter 17.
o The JM version of Mock Door Training and Pre-Jump Training for the T-11 ATPS and MC-6 Series Parachute given to jumpers can be found in TC 3-21.220 Appendix E.
PARACHUTE LANDING FALLS
o At a minimum, four correct PLF’s will be conducted. Can only observe one at time with a maximum of five graded per iteration.
o The PLF platform should be, at a minimum, 24 inches in height. o Jumpers must complete one satisfactory PLF in each of the cardinal directions. (e.g. Front Left, Front Right, Rear Left, Rear Right) Any unsatisfactory PLF’s must be redone.
o Jumpmasters should ensure that jumpers are assuming the proper "Prepare to Land" attitude prior to jumping from the platform. Jumpers should not shift their knees or rotate their upper body prior to jumping from the platform.